It’s ironic these websites went down.
The Internet as we know it today is based on ARPANET, with the defining characteristic of being a decentralized network. ARPANET started as a project within the U.S. Department of Defense in the 1960’s.
While the design of the Internet doesn’t specifically dictate for individual websites to always be accessible, companies like Gawker and Huffpo should have the resources for more than one New York-based cluster of servers.
Load balancing, anyone?